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Blog Dog Nutrition Featured Other Prescription "Vet" Food
Blog.001 | Dog nutritionist

Hills Urinary Dry & Wet Dog Food Review

This is a review article of the Urinary care diets produced by Hill’s, both the dry and wet food. In this review, it will touch on the following topics surrounding the Urinary care diets.

  • Legal action against prescription pet food
  • The companies behind prescription diets
  • What’s in Urinary care dog food?
  • Why Veterinarians sell this food?
  • Your next steps.
  Legal action against prescription pet food Because the foods are so low quality, their association with Vets is being considered as deceptive and their marketing as being "different to normal dog foods" as fraudulent.   MOORE V. MARS PETCARE US – California Court of Appeals 2020 "The panel concluded that under the reasonable consumer test, plaintiffs sufficiently alleged that the sale of the prescription pet food exclusively through vets or with veterinarian approval was a deceptive practice. Also, plaintiffs satisfied the heightened pleading standard for fraud because they alleged sufficient facts to show that prescription pet food and other pet food were not materially different.”   Not to mention the foods recalls due to dog deaths. In 2019, Hills had one of the biggest food recalls ever. Around 22 million cans of their food had to be recalled because Vitamin D levels in tested lots were 33 times the recommended safe limit. Attorney Nyran Rose Rasch - “We believe that hundreds, if not thousands, of pets have died or become seriously ill as a result of eating Hill’s foods with toxic levels of Vitamin D,” says The FDA investigation found that the vitamin premix had not been analysed and that the final product had not been tested to determine that it met Hill’s specific formulation. Plus, Hill’s failed to obtain certificates of analysis from the supplier of the vitamin.   Who makes the prescription diet? Hill’s (Colgate) began selling its “Prescription Diet” pet food in the 1960s through vets. In 2004, when Hill’s became a significant player in the prescription pet food market, Royal Canin (Mars) introduced its own line of prescription pet food. At an unspecified time prior to 2012, Purina (Nestle) entered the prescription pet food market. Hills – Colgate Royal Canin – Mars Purina – Nestlé Not known for their health food products or trustworthy marketing tactics.   What's in the food? Urinary Food Blog.001
  • Animal by-products - animal fats, digest (see how bad these are below)
  • Brewers Rice -  Low quality carb filler, unnatural for dogs.
  • Dried whole egg – powdered egg, extremely low quality protein source
  • Maize starch– Maize connected to allergies and intolerances by holistic vets
  • Soybean Oil – Soy connected to allergies and intolerance by holistic vets
    Urinary Food Blog.002
  • Animal by-products - Animal fats (see how bad these are below)
  • Dried egg – Powdered egg is not a quality protein.
  • Maize starch  – connected to allergies and intolerances by holistic vets.
  • Rice and rice flour – too high in rice, high grain diets are unnatural for dogs
  • Various sugars - ???
  Here’s a look at what can go into animal-by products: animal by products Why is it recommended by Vets? In the UK there are seven universities offering degrees in veterinary science. Nutrition however, plays a minor role in their education. The average Vet only receiving 19 hours of nutrition training for all animals. To put that into context, I’d say I’ve spent 1hr per day learning about canine nutrition (low end), 5hrs per week (not weekends) for the last 3.5 years. I’ve spent around 910hrs learning about dog nutrition, just dogs. A lack of education and chronic underfunding (or in some cases just greed), many universities are very open to external sources of revenue and are happy to accept 'sponsorship' from companies despite glaring conflicts of interest. Over the decades, The Big Three (Colgate, Mars and Nestle) have exploited this situation to develop ever closer ties with vet schools around the world, providing funding and education.   The Nutrition Textbooks The most popular text on the subject, entitled "Small Animal Clinical Nutrition" is made by Hill's. They also make the accompanying "Quick Consult" guide and the "Key to Clinical Nutrition". Royal Canin's best-known texts are the Encyclopedia of Canine Clinical Nutrition and the Encyclopedia of Feline Clinical Nutrition. It probably won't surprise you to hear that these texts are not what most people would call 'impartial' on the subject of pet food. As an example, the Canine Encyclopaedia dedicates more space to promoting Soy Protein Isolate Hydrolysate (a common Royal Canin ingredient) than it does to exploring the entire subject of home-preparing a fresh food diet. The very last sentence in the entire textbook perfectly summarises how Royal Canin consider your sick pets: "Ideally, space should be organized in such a way that owners are led to buy a new supply of food for their dog, and even to buy new products for the dog that they have not seen before (e.g., chewing bars for dental hygiene)". This book is one of the primary sources of information on pet nutrition for vets. Unfortunately, your Vet knows little to nothing about nutrition.     Your next steps The power of food is that it can make a dog healthier. Just like with us humans, when we start eating a super healthy diet, it undoes the damage of an unhealthy diet. Read my blog post on making homemade diets for dogs with Urinary disease. Or check out my specifically formulated recipe book, for every dog and their specific stage. The healthiest and most cost effective way to feed your dog is homemade food.

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Is Yogurt Good For Dogs?

The trend of feeding yogurt to dogs is becoming popular. Yogurt is tasty and contains calcium, protein, and probiotics. In this blog, we will look at some considerations of giving yogurt to your dogs and puppies. Let’s get started!

Is yogurt safe for dogs?

Dogs don't need dairy once they are weaned. Dogs can eat yogurt but that doesn’t necessarily mean that they should. While yogurt is not toxic to dogs, many dogs will have trouble digesting it. The best kind of yogurt is plain or even non-fat plain. You need to check the ingredients first. "Non-fat plain yogurt is safe for dogs in small amounts. Too much yogurt or the wrong type of yogurt can cause some health problems" says Laura Robinson.

Few considerations before giving yogurt to dogs

While plain yogurt is not toxic to dogs, many dogs have difficulty digesting yogurt and other dairy products. Here are a few things that you must look at before giving yogurt to your pooch:
  • Before feeding yogurt to your dog, you need to make sure your furry friend is not allergic to lactose. If your dog is lactose intolerant, it may experience digestive upset when it eats yogurt. Symptoms of lactose intolerance include diarrhea, constipation, flatulence, nausea, or stomach cramps.
  • How much yogurt you feed your dog should be based on the ten percent treat rule. The right serving size for dogs varies based on the kind of yogurt and your dog’s size, weight, daily calorie intake, underlying health issues, and activity level.
  • If you are going to feed your dog yogurt, it should be plain and free of any added sweeteners, both natural and artificial. Some yogurts labeled "sugar-free" will likely contain a sugar substitute like xylitol. Always make sure the yogurt contains no xylitol which is toxic to dogs.
  • You need to be concerned with the fat content in yogurt. Dogs can't handle large amounts of fats. Any time you give your dog too much fat, it can suffer from stomach upset or even pancreatitis.
  • Yogurt can cause dangerously high levels of calcium and magnesium, which can result in seizures, G.I. upset, and heart issues.
Limiting excessive intake of yogurt can help prevent digestive upset. If you would like to share yogurt with your pup, give her a small amount and see if she handles it without any problems.

Are the probiotics in yogurt good for dogs?

Probiotics are good for both you and your furry companion. Adding probiotics to your dog’s diet can be an important part of keeping his immune system strong.  Your dog needs specific probiotic strains that are beneficial for them. There are many ways to give your dog healthy bacteria and yogurt is a popular choice.  If you’re feeding yogurt for the probiotics, it isn’t the best way to get these friendly bacteria into your dog. A moderate amount of yogurt won’t be enough to get many probiotic benefits from its active cultures.  sara cervera 4caIPcmVDII unsplash

Conclusion

It is undeniable that your dog will enjoy the taste of yogurt. As a responsible pet parent, you must ensure to satisfy their tastes wisely and safely.  Yogurt falls within the "ten percent" rule that's often used by veterinarians. Even as a treat, yogurt isn’t a great healthy food for dogs. So, next time you think of yogurt as a probiotic for dogs, take a pass. There are better sources of probiotics for dogs. Did you find this article useful? Feel free to share your thoughts. We would be happy to hear from you!   References Ripley, Katherine. (2015) 'Can Dogs Eat Yogurt?', AKC, 11 May, Available at https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/nutrition/can-dogs-eat-yogurt/ (Accessed 24 January 2022) https://www.dailypaws.com/dogs-puppies/dog-nutrition/what-can-dogs-eat/can-dogs-eat-yogurt (Accessed 24 January 2022) Grewal, Gogi. (2022) 'Is Yogurt Good For Dogs?', DogsNaturallyMagazine, 4 January, Available at https://www.dogsnaturallymagazine.com/can-dogs-eat-yogurt-probiotics/ (Accessed 24 January 2022) Lesser, Jennifer. (2021) 'Can Dogs Eat Yogurt?', The Spruce Pets, 5 April, Available at https://www.thesprucepets.com/can-dogs-eat-yogurt-4802021 (Accessed 24 January 2022) El-Abbadi, Naglaa Hani et al. 'Yogurt: role in healthy and active aging', The American journal of clinical nutrition, 2014, 99(5), pp. 1263S–1270S Some Pets Unable to Tolerate Dairy Products. Canadian Veterinary Medical Association, 2012 People Foods to Avoid Feeding Your Pets. ASPCA Animal Poison Control, Available at https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/animal-poison-control/people-foods-avoid-feeding-your-pets?ms=MP_PMK_GGPoisonControl (Accessed 24 January 2022) Clinical Nutrition Team. (2016), 'What are safe and healthy treats for my pet?', Vet Nutrition, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, 5 January, Available at https://vetnutrition.tufts.edu/2016/01/what-are-safe-and-healthy-treats-for-my-pet/ (Accessed 24 January 2022)  

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Are Green Beans Good For Dogs

Green beans are a healthy vegetable that go by many different names, like string beans, French beans, or snap beans. Can you feed your dog green beans? Well, green beans are safe for dogs to eat, as long as they are plain. Green beans themselves are not only safe for dogs, many nutritionists and veterinarians also recommend them as a healthy treat. Best of all, dogs seem to love them.

Can I feed my dog green beans?

Green beans are an excellent source of nutrition for your dog. They contain a good amount of several vitamins and minerals that are beneficial to your dog's health. Dogs can eat green beans as a treat or food topping in moderate amounts.  Here are some green bean hazards to avoid:
  • Canned green beans with added salt. Check the label on canned green beans; many manufacturers add sodium
  • Green beans cooked with oils 
  • Green beans cooked with spices or other seasonings
  • Green beans cooked with harmful vegetables, such as garlic and onions
  • Feeding large, whole green beans to small puppies, which can be a choking hazard
Pet Parent Tip: Any new food should be introduced into your dog’s diet gradually. You must monitor your fur buddy for adverse effects like digestive upsets, food sensitivities, and allergic reactions.

Benefits of eating green beans for dogs

If green beans are given in moderate amounts, they've nutritional benefits for dogs. Let's have a look at some of the benefits of green beans for dogs:
  • Green beans are a good source of complex carbohydrates. They serve as a key energy source for your dog.
  • There is almost no fat in green beans, which makes them a naturally fat-free food.
  • Green beans are an excellent source of several vitamins and minerals. They provide your dog with several key nutrients, such as vitamin A, B, C, and K.
  • They support your dog’s immune health and also help with eye and skin health. Green beans are also important in bone and teeth formation.
  • Green beans contain fiber that promotes gut health and motility.
  • Green beans have antioxidant properties, so they help control inflammation and slow your dog’s aging process.
Green beans nutrition fact The nutrition facts for 1 cup (100 grams) of green beans:
Calories 31
Fat 0.2 grams
Protein  1.8 grams
Carbs 7 grams
Sugar 3.3 grams
Fiber 2.7 grams
Sodium 6 mg 
  This combination makes them an ideal food for a diet promoting a balanced weight.

Can green beans help dogs lose weight? 

Giving your dog green beans instead of half its regular food isn't the answer to help dogs lose weight. That won’t provide your dog with a balanced diet and it might miss out on key nutrients its body needs. Giving green beans as a treat in place of conventional biscuits can help your dog lose weight, as long as you are also taking action to increase his exercise and moderate his regular diet. Feeding green beans will not help your dog lose weight if he is not getting enough exercise and is consuming inappropriate calories for his age, breed, and lifestyle.

Green beans - perfect healthy treat

If, however, you are just looking for a healthy, low-calorie treat to feed Fido, green beans are an excellent option. As with any treat, try not to exceed 10 percent of your dog's daily diet, and watch for any signs of stomach upset or allergic reactions.
  • Excessive intake of green beans by dogs may lead to an upset stomach and even vomiting and diarrhea.
  • Some dogs have allergies, food intolerances, and sensitivities related to green beans. It may have adverse effects on their appetite. 
If your dog shows any signs of stomach upsets, you should take your dog immediately to the vet and get them checked. Always ensure a complete and balanced diet for your furry pal. 

Final thoughts - should dogs eat green beans 

The bottom line on feeding green beans to dogs? Moderation is the key. Remember, green beans are not toxic but your dog might not be able to digest its excessive amount. Feeding a huge quantity of green beans may cause some unpleasant side effects like upset stomach, diarrhea, or vomiting. Today many pet owners are preparing the food themselves for their dogs. This way, they know exactly what goes into their pet's diets. As a responsible dog parent, you must be aware of which human food is safe or toxic for your dog. Does your dog enjoy eating green beans? Feel free to share your thoughts. We would be happy to hear from you!   References  Frey, Malia. (2021) 'Green Bean Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits', VeryWellFit, 7 August, Available at https://www.verywellfit.com/green-beans-nutrition-facts-calories-carbs-and-health-benefits-4169523 (Accessed 25 January 2022) Burke, Anna. (2017) 'Can Dogs Have Green Beans?', AKC, 24 May, Available at https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/nutrition/can-dogs-have-green-beans/ (Accessed 25 January 2022) Mueller, Laura. (2020) 'Can Dogs Eat Green Beans?', The Spruce Pets, 24 February, Available at https://www.thesprucepets.com/dogs-eat-green-beans-4796742 (Accessed 25 January 2022) Alexander, Vivien. (2021) 'Green Beans? Are Green Beans Safe For Dogs?', Dogtime, 28 January, Available at https://dogtime.com/dog-health/dog-food-dog-nutrition/70935-can-dogs-eat-green-beans-safe/amp (Accessed 25 January 2022) Walter, Richard. 'Can Dogs Eat Green Beans? Here's Everything You Need to Know', Pawlicy Advisor, Available at https://www.pawlicy.com/blog/can-dogs-eat-green-beans/ (Accessed 25 January 2022) Unger, Julie. (2021), Are Green Beans Really Good For Dogs?', DogsNaturallyMagazine, 11 December, Available at https://www.dogsnaturallymagazine.com/can-dogs-eat-green-beans/ (Accessed 25 January 2022)

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Why Organ Meat Is Important For The Raw Fed Dog

Organ meats are a vital part of a complete and balanced diet for your dog. Muscle meat and bone are lacking in many important nutrients. Organ meats provide essential nutrients that are not found in muscle meat.  Dogs can eat all organs if they are coming from a healthy and properly raised animal. Organ meats are best fed raw. Feeding raw organ meat will ensure that your dog gets all the temperature sensitive nutrients present in the organs.

Why does your raw fed dog need organ meat?

Here are some of the benefits of feeding organ meat to your raw fed dog:
  • Organ meats have higher levels of B vitamins such as: B1, B2, B6, folic acid and vitamin B12. They also provide the important fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K.
  • Organ meats are also rich in minerals including phosphorus, iron, copper, magnesium and iodine.
  • Organ meats also contain high amounts of the essential fatty acids such as arachidonic acid and omega-3.
  • It helps tissues in a dog's body to function properly.
  • Organ meat helps the body break down carbohydrates, fats, and proteins to produce energy.
  • It plays a significant role in making red blood cells and neurotransmitters and keeps blood cells healthy
  • Organ meat is great for DNA health and is used by the body to manufacture DNA.
  • It benefits brain health, heart health, manages arthritis and maintains a healthy skin and coat.

Healthy organ meats for dogs

Healthy organ meats for dogs include brain, heart, kidney, liver, lung, reproductive organs, trachea, spleen, stomach, and tongue. All organ meats are very rich in nutrients. You can give your dog’s raw diet a boost by adding a few of the more commonly available organs.
  • Liver: It is loaded with protein, iron, B vitamins, vitamin A, CoQ10 and essential fatty acids. Eating liver improves joint health and is great for dogs who suffer from arthritis. The essential fatty acids improve coat health of dogs. Since it is so densely packed with iron, it’s also effective in treating anemic animals.
  • Heart: The heart is both a muscle and an organ that gives your dogs an extra punch of protein and vitamins. Heart meat is an excellent source of B vitamins, iron and essential fatty acids. It also contains phosphorus that helps build and strengthen your dog’s skeletal system. The folate found in heart meat is great for DNA health and can help prevent anemia and IBD in dogs. Beef heart also contains selenium, phosphorus and zinc, along with essential amino acids that help build muscle, store energy and boost stamina and endurance.
  • Kidney: Kidney meat provides a wide range of vitamins to dogs, including vitamins A, B12, E and K. Kidney meat helps prevent anemia in dogs. It contains iron which acts as an antioxidant and helps carry oxygen throughout the body.

Final thoughts 

Overall, organ meats should make up about 15% of your dog’s total diet. Each organ will provide its own unique set of vitamins and minerals. The more organs you add to the raw diet of your dog, the better the mix of nutrients your dog will receive. Just make sure you add a wide variety of organ meats to your dog's raw diet. No single organ should account for more than 5% to 10% of your dog's total diet.   References Taffer, Marissa. (2021), 'Can Dogs Eat Organ Meat? Learn the Benefits', The Ollie, 18 February, Available at https://blog.myollie.com/the-benefits-of-organ-meats-for-dogs/ (Accessed 16 January 2022) Wittich, Marko. (2019), 'Omega-3 for Dogs: What is it? Benefits, Sources and Dosage', Campfire Treats, 25 June, Available at https://campfiretreats.com/blogs/campfire-tales/omega-3-for-dogs (Accessed 16 January 2022) Roush, JK., et al. 'Multicenter Veterinary Practice Assessment of the Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Osteoarthritis in Dogs', JAVMA, 2010, 236(1).  'Is Organ Meat Good For Dogs?', Cali Raw Nutrition, 12 October, Available at https://www.caliraw.com/blogs/news/is-organ-meat-for-dogs-good (Accessed 16 January 2022) Pompala, RE., et al. 'Empty Body Weights, Carcass Weights and Offal Proportions in Bulls and Steers of Different Mature Size', Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 1984, 64, pp. 53-57. Scott, Dana. (2021), 'Why Organ Meat Is Important For The Raw Fed Dog', Dogs Naturally Magazine, 16 December, Available at https://www.dogsnaturallymagazine.com/why-organ-meat-is-important-for-the-raw-fed-dog/ (Accessed 16 January 2022) 'Organ Meat In A Raw Diet', The Raw Feeding Community, Available at https://therawfeedingcommunity.com/2017/12/23/organ-meat-in-a-raw-diet/ (Accessed 16 January 2022)  

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Home Remedy For Yeast Infection In Dogs

A yeast infection in dogs occurs when a fungus grows and multiplies, causing skin redness, itching, scaling, and even an odor that is obvious to most dog owners. Dogs are most likely to develop either yeast dermatitis or yeast otitis but some dogs may even have both types of yeast infections at the same time.

How is yeast infection diagnosed?

Yeast infection generally strikes the paws, skin folds, or ears, where yeast have a cozy space to grow. These infections are easy to diagnose and usually respond well to a topical treatment. Some dogs may develop both bacterial and yeast infections at the same time. Always make sure you dry your pooch thoroughly after they get out of the water and keep excess hair trimmed to prevent yeast infection.

Helping a dog with yeast infection

There are a few things you can do to help your dog if it has a yeast infection. There are many natural ways to decrease the effects of yeast infection. You can try some amazing natural remedies as well instead of medications. Many of these remedies are often used alongside prescription therapies recommended by your vet. Some remedies may help to battle a mild yeast infection all on their own.  
  • Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is acidic and also has some healing properties. It changes the pH of your dog's skin so that the yeast cannot grow when it is applied topically. A solution of half apple cider vinegar and half water can be used on the infected areas. Spray it on to your dog's whole body and then just let it dry without rinsing it off. Apple cider vinegar can also be added to food or water to fight any internal germs linked to the original yeast problem.  
  • Coconut oil
Treat all affected areas with coconut oil. Coconut oil contains antibacterial properties that are proven to fight against yeast infections. It can be applied directly to all of the areas having yeast infection. Use enough of coconut oil to rub on the paws, in the underarms, and on the inside of the ear flaps. A coconut oil rub can be repeated daily until you see results.
  • Reduce the amount of heavy metals your dog consumes 
Another way to treat a yeast infection is to reduce the amount of heavy metals your dog consumes. Yeast has a special affinity for most heavy metals, especially mercury. These heavy metals generate free radicals that can cause severe health issues in dogs. Heavy metals are toxic to competing bacteria. Your dog’s immune system doesn’t do a good job of removing heavy metals. The heavy metals can reduce the population of the competing bacteria resulting in the outgrowth of yeast. Therefore, if you want to stop a yeast infection in dogs, you must reduce the number of heavy metals it consumes. Fiber and foods rich in Sulphur can do a good job to remove the heavy metals.  
  • Kefir
Kefir is a fermented milk drink and is used as a home remedy for yeast infections in dogs. It is a combination of live bacteria and yeast fermentation, much like yogurt. It contains plenty of natural probiotics that helps in diminishing yeast overgrowth. Kefir can be introduced into your dog’s diet and can be mixed with fruits or veggies to add flavor and make it more appealing. It also contains Vitamin B, minerals and protein.    
  • A good bath
One easy yet important home remedy for yeast infections in dogs is simply giving your dog a good bath. Use an anti-fungal shampoo or an herbal shampoo with ingredients that feature natural anti-fungal properties. You should definitely wear rubber gloves when bathing your dog, to ensure the yeast does not get on your skin.

Final thoughts

A yeast condition in dogs can be nasty, but a little work on your end should be able to clear things up. Adding Probiotics to your dog’s diet, regular cleaning and grooming, and constant exercise will boost your dog’s overall health. You should always consult with your vet when your furry friend displays symptoms of a yeast infection. Stay tuned for more posts on dog care and much more!   References Kevin, M., et al. 'Environmental mercury and its toxic effects', Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, 2014, 47(2), pp. 74-83. Roger, MM. and Calder, P., 'Obesity, inflammation, toll-like receptor 4 and fatty acids', Nutrients, 2018, 10(4), pp. 432. Scott, Dana. (2021), 'Home Remedy For Yeast Infection In Dogs', Dogs Naturally Magazine, 22 December, Available at https://www.dogsnaturallymagazine.com/itchy-dog-yeast-infection/  (Accessed 16 January 2022) Mark, (2021), 'Treat Your Dog's Yeast Infection at Home Without Going to the Vet', Pet Helpful, 4 March, Available at https://pethelpful.com/dogs/dog-yeast-infection-symptoms-and-natural-cures (Accessed 16 January 2022) Burkett, Leigh. (2020), 'How to Treat Yeast Infections in Dogs', PetMD, 3 November, Available at https://www.petmd.com/dog/general-health/10-signs-your-dog-has-yeast-infection (Accessed 16 January 2022) Randall, Samantha. (2021), '3 Best Dog Yeast Infection Home Remedies', Top Dog Tips, 9 December, Available at https://topdogtips.com/dog-yeast-infection-home-remedy/ (Accessed 16 January 2022) Garcia, Cynthia., '7 Easy Ways to Manage Yeast Infections in Dogs', Great Pet Care, Available at https://www.greatpetcare.com/dog-health/yeast-infections-in-dogs/vvvvvg (Accessed 16 January 2022) Kruzer, Adrienne. (2021), 'Dog Yeast Infection Home Remedy', The Spruce Pets, 27 December, Available at https://www.thesprucepets.com/dog-yeast-infection-home-remedy-5089075 (Accessed 16 January 2022)  

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The Healthiest Fats For Dogs

Let’s talk about the F word, nope not that, it’s Fat of course. This article will talk about fats, how much should be in your dog’s diet, healthy sources of fat and some pretty high level nutrition info on fats which you most likely don’t need to read. Fats are a dense source of energy for your dogs, in fact it’s the preferred energy source for this species as they have a long evolutionary history of consuming meat. Fats are the healthiest source of energy for dogs over carbs or sugars, and actually your dog’s more likely to get fat from consuming carbs (much like us!) Think of the keto diet, low carb, high protein, medium fat…that’s the ideal canine diet.

Why dogs need fats in their diet 

  • Fat provides necessary energy as well as aid in supple skin and coat formation. 
  • Fats give dogs a feeling of fullness after meals.
  • It is needed for other nutrients to be properly absorbed.
  • Fat transports fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K.
  • It aids in the digestion of vitamin D, which is needed to utilize calcium in the body.
  • It keeps cells strong and supports a healthy nervous system, brain, liver, blood, skin, and hormone function.
  • Fat protects vital organs from trauma and helps regulate body temperature

Total Fat In Your Dog’s Diet

Your dog’s diet should contain about 10-20% fat. This mimics the ratios of nutrients dogs would get in the wild. However, if your dog’s getting other energy sources, like carbs, or they aren’t exercising, aim for the lower end of the range.

Sources Of Healthy Fats For Dogs

Here are five ways to feed healthy fats to your dogs for a balanced diet. Both omega-3 and omega-6 are bountiful in the leafy plants consumed by roaming animals. When domestic animals are deprived of greens, their meat and eggs also become low in omega-3s.
  • Meat Fat
Most dogs can absorb meat fat without any issue. Dogs don't have cholesterol issues and can generally handle more animal fat than humans can. A small amount of steak fat and beef fat are suitable options for dogs. Because this sort of fat comes from a prey source, it is a good option for most canines. A controlled amount of meat fat leads to a healthier coat and skin. Fats are made up of fatty acids, some of which are referred to as essential fatty acids (EFAs). You want to add healthy fats containing essential fatty acids. There are two types of essential fatty acids or EFAs - omega-3 and omega-6. 
  • MCT Oil
MCT oil, also called medium-chain triglycerides, brings energy to the dog's body very quickly. It is produced using coconut or palm kernel oil. MCT oil helps dogs make ketones, an energy source for the brain. It possesses anti-inflammatory properties that may help reduce chronic inflammation. MCT oil lowers blood sugar levels in dogs and may reduce the number and severity of seizures.
  • Fish Oils
For eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), nothing beats cold water fish and fish oil supplements. Proper kidney function can be also be supported by taking fish oils. EPAs both decrease pain and increase ease of movement.
  • Pasture Raised Eggs
Egg yolks are a great source of healthy omega-3 fats for your dog. Pastured eggs have a much higher amount of omega-3 fats than conventional eggs. Eggs also provide protein and a wide range of other nutrients, especially if you feed the whole egg. If you can’t find organic, pasture-raised eggs, get omega-3 enriched ones for your dog. Omega-3 eggs have 5 times more omega-3 than conventional eggs.
  • Extra Virgin Olive Oil 
Extra virgin olive oil is an excellent source of monounsaturated fats, antioxidants, and omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. It improves joint mobility and blood vessel health in dogs. Extra virgin olive oil also reduces the risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease in dogs. Olive oil gives a beautiful shine to your dog’s coat and keeps the skin cells supple and healthy.

Final thoughts 

The right fats can make your dog healthier and happier, reduce inflammation and create a soft, silky coat. They also provide energy, control hormones and help with cell growth. Dogs don’t have to worry about things like high cholesterol, but too much fat can harm them none-the-less. Too much of fat leads to problems, such as pancreatitis and obesity. Too little fat results in dry, itchy skin, a dull coat and weak immune systems. The key is balance.   References: Daley CA et al., 'A review of fatty acid profiles and antioxidant content in grass-fed and grain-fed beef', Nutr J. 2010, 10(9). Sofia Schauf et al., 'Effect of dietary fat to starch content on fecal microbiota composition and activity in dogs', Journal of Animal Science, 2018, 96(9), pp. 3684–3698. Astrup, A., et al. 'The role of reducing intakes of saturated fat in the prevention of cardiovascular disease: where does the evidence stand in 2010?' Am J Clin Nutr, 2011, 93(4), pp. 684-688. 'Types of Fats, The Nutrition Source', Harvard, Available at https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/what-should-you-eat/fats-and-cholesterol/types-of-fat/ (Accessed 9 January 2022) PetMD Editorial. (2011), 'Fats and Oils: Good for Your Dog’s Health?', PetMD, 21 October, Available at https://www.petmd.com/dog/nutrition/evr_dg_fats_and_oils_good_for_your_dogs_health (Accessed 9 January 2022) Under, Julie. (2021), 'Ahiflower Oil: Why Your Dog Needs It', DogsNaturallyMagazine, 11 December, Available at https://www.dogsnaturallymagazine.com/ahiflower-oil-dogs/ (Accessed 9 January 2022) 'Essential Fats for my Dog’s Diet: The Ultimate Guide', MyPetNutritionist, 24 March, Available at https://www.mypetnutritionist.com/post/essential-fats-for-my-dogs-diet-the-ultimate-guide (Accessed 9 January 2022) Henriques, Julia. (2021), 'Balancing Fats For A Healthier Dog', DogsNaturallyMagazine, 11 December, Available at https://www.dogsnaturallymagazine.com/balancing-fats-for-a-healthier-dog/ (Accessed 9 January 2022) Jones, Jason. (2021), 'MCT Oil for Dogs', Relievet, 28 October, https://www.relievet.com/blogs/tips/mct-oil-for-dogs-benefits-dosages (Accessed 14 January 2022)  

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Can Dogs Have Almond Milk?

Almond milk, chances are you’ve got this new household staple in your fridge, a new (ish) popular dairy-free milk substitute. It is made from almonds, water and sometimes some added nutrients. Nothing too scary, but is almond milk appropriate and safe to give to your dog. In this article we’ll look at whether almond milk is safe for dogs, the potential benefits of almond milk for dogs, and things you should watch out for.

Is almond milk safe for dogs?

Dogs don't need milk once they are weaned. But if your pooch loves the taste of milk, a little unsweetened non-dairy milk, like almond milk, is fine for dogs as an occasional treat. Remember, almond milk should only be given to your dog in moderation. Almond milk is quite high in calories, so if you’ve got a smaller dog you really don’t want to feed too much, and is not recommended for regular consumption just because it’s not the most natural thing for a dog to consume. What this means is that an excess amount of almond milk may cause some unpleasant side effects like upset stomach, diarrhoea, or vomiting. Not all almond milk is equal! There can be preservatives, sweeteners, and artificial flavors in non-organic almond milk, in which case it’s probably best to avoid giving your dog that type of almond milk.

Benefits of almond milk for dogs

Let's have a look at some of the benefits of almond milk for dogs:
  • Almond milk is low in allergens and irritants. Many dogs are lactose intolerant and almond milk is free of many types of allergens found in dairy milk.
  • Almond milk is full of Vitamin E, which is an antioxidant known to help your dog's brain. Almond milk antioxidants can help dogs' bodies manage free radicals more effectively. It also helps maintain the eyes and the liver.
  • Almond milk has high vitamin B3, which aids in keeping the dog’s skin and fur healthy.
  • It is often enriched with nutrients including calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus.
  • Great for your dog's bone health because it contains a plethora of nutrients, minerals, and antioxidants. Calcium in almond milk keeps the dog’s joints and bones healthy.
  • It is safe for dogs with gluten or wheat allergies.

Few considerations before giving almond milk to dogs

Dogs are like children and they depend on us for everything. It is important to understand that as a dog owner, you are responsible for the health and wellbeing of your dog. Here are a few things that you must look at before giving almond milk to your pooch:
  • Before feeding your dog with almond milk, you need to make sure your furry friend is not allergic to any of the ingredients in almond milk. 
  • Problems encountered in giving almond milk in dogs are mostly related to digestion issues. Almonds, being high in fat, can be difficult to digest by some dogs, resulting in gastrointestinal signs like watery and oily diarrhea.
  • Make sure to choose unsweetened almond milk, as some varieties may be high in added sugars.
  • Check out the ingredients carefully. Some brands contain Xylitol as a sugar substitute. It can cause life-threatening issues such as low blood sugar and liver injury in dogs.
Remember to control the amount of almond milk your dog drinks. You can consult your vet for a better idea of ​​the amount of almond milk that you add to your dog’s diet.

Conclusion

Unsweetened and unflavoured almond milk is generally considered safe in moderation. On a personal note, I prefer to give small amounts of kefir or goats milk to my dog! Did you find this article useful? Feel free to share your thoughts. We would be happy to hear from you!   References Kalita, S. et al. (2018) 'Almonds and Cardiovascular Health: A Review', Nutrients, 10(4), pp. 468 Gwaltney-Brant, Sharon M. (2021) 'Xylitol Toxicosis In Dogs', Merck Veterinary Manual., PhD, DABVT, DABT, University of Illinois.. Merck Veterinary Manual. July 2021.  Xylitol: The Sweetener That Is Not So Sweet for Pets, ASPCA, 20 September, Available at https://www.aspca.org/news/xylitol-sweetener-not-so-sweet-pets (Accessed 9 Jan 2022) Kim, Y., et al. 'Nuts and cardio-metabolic disease: A review of meta-analyses', 2018, Available at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6316378/ (Accessed 9 Jan 2022) Tobacman, J.K. (2001) 'Review of Harmful Gastrointestinal Effects of Carrageenan in Animal Experiments', Environmental Health Perspectives, 109(10), pp. 983-994. Costanzo, Kayla. (2018), 'Can Dogs Taste Almond Milk?', WagWalking, 23 May, Available at https://wagwalking.com/sense/can-dogs-taste-almond-milk (Accessed 9 Jan 2022) Cosgrove, Nicole. (2022) 'Can Dogs Drink Almond Milk? Is Almond Milk Safe For Dogs', Hepper, 6 January, Available at https://www.hepper.com/can-dogs-drink-almond-milk/ (Accessed 9 Jan 2022) Grewal, Gogi. (2021) 'Can Dogs Have Almond Milk?', DogsNaturallyMagazine, 21 December, Available at https://www.dogsnaturallymagazine.com/can-dogs-have-almond-milk/ (Accessed 9 Jan 2022)

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Why do dogs eat poop

Let’s be honest with one another. There's nothing more unpleasant for a pet parent than seeing their dog eating poop. Coprophagia is the practice of eating poop or faeces. In most cases of coprophagia, it is purely a behavioral problem. However, there might be some medical problems that can contribute to coprophagia. Here are some reasons why your dog eats poop:  

  • Medical problem: Many dogs eat their faces due to some underlying medical problem. It can be a sign of diseases of the intestinal tract, the liver, or brain.
  • Malabsorption: If your dog is eating its own stool, the poop may consist of undigested food. That’s an indication of malabsorption.
  • Boredom: A bored dog is a destructive dog. Some dogs may be eating stool because, in their mind, there’s nothing much else to do.
  • Attention seeking: Poop-eating might be similar to other negative attention-seeking behaviors. Dogs eat their own poop to get a reaction from their humans, which they inevitably will. 
  • Anxiety and stress: Like people, every dog handles stress differently. Some may become anxious, destructive, or develop destructive behavior. Some dogs even start eating their poop due to stress.
  • Nutrient deficiency: Some experts suggest that dogs with nutrient deficiency, particularly thiamine - a B-vitamin, eat faeces.

Tips to stop your dog from eating poop

Here are some useful tips to stop your fur buddy from eating poop
  • Prevent boredom
Try to keep your fur buddy busy and active. This will make them stay away from activities like eating poop. Invest in a good variety of interactive dog toys and indoor puzzle toys.
  • Prevent depression and stress
Try to get creative to spice up your dog’s daily routine and bring some much-needed stimulation to his life.
  • Remove dog waste quickly
Removing waste quickly is a promising method to prevent your dog's access to stools. Keep the dog’s living area and yard clean. Get to know your dog's bathroom break patterns and remove the stool as soon as it happens. This requires constant supervision and consistency. 
  • Make poop taste less desirable 
Feeding foods like pineapple, pumpkin, raw zucchini or meat tenderizer seemingly changes the taste of dog poop and makes it underside for dogs. Try adding some amount of these foods and adjust the amount according to the results. 
  • Train your dog ‘Leave It’ command
Try to teach your dog “leave it” and “come” commands. For this, teach your furry pal to come to you for a treat as soon as he has done his business. In this way, your dog will develop a habit to run to you for a treat, instead of reaching for the stool.
  • Feed Your Dog a Balanced Diet
Try to feed your dog a well-balanced homemade nutritious diet. The nutrient requirements of dogs increase as they grow or indulge in more physical activities. 
  • Use a Supplement
If your dog shows symptoms of nutritional deficiency, consider adding a good canine multivitamin to your dog's diet.
  • Treat the underlying medical problem:
You can speak to your vet to rule out any medical problems. Your vet may treat the problem or recommend any medication.   Pet parent tip: Dogs learn by positive reinforcement techniques. Don’t punish your dog if he eats his poop. It will not fix the problem but only make it worse.

Our Final Thoughts

Let's face it, we don’t know what goes through our dog's minds, but vets suspect various culprits that trigger the urge for dogs to eat their poop. You can try different tips and tricks to see what works best for you and your dog.  Shoot us a message and let us know if this blog was helpful. Until next time everyone!   References: Horwitz, Debra. 'Dog Behavior Problems - Coprophagia’, VCA Hospitals. Available at: https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-pet/dog-behavior-problems-coprophagia (Accessed: 2 January 2022).   Hart, Benjamin. et al. (2018), 'The paradox of canine conspecific coproophagy', Veterinary Medicine & Science, 4(2), 106-114.   WebMD Medical Reference, 'Why Does My Dog Eat Poop?', Webmd, 14 February. Available at: https://pets.webmd.com/dogs/why-does-my-dog-eat-poop (Accessed: 2 January 2022).   Unger, Julie. 'Why Do Dogs Eat Poop?’, Dogs Naturally Magazine, 21 December. Available at: https://www.dogsnaturallymagazine.com/16-reasons-dogs-eat-poop-and-what-to-do-about-it/ (Accessed: 2 January 2022).   Stregowski, Jenna. 'Why Dogs Eat Poop and How to Stop Them - Coprophagia in Dogs', The Spruce Pets, 7 June. Available at: https://www.thesprucepets.com/why-does-my-dog-eat-poop-1118288 (Accessed: 2 January 2022).   AKC Staff, 'Why Dogs Eat Poop and How to Stop It', AKC, 5 November. Available at: https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/why-dogs-eat-poop/ (Accessed: 2 January 2022).  

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Health benefits of pumpkin for dogs

Does your furry friend love pumpkin? Is it safe for them? Yes, dogs can eat pumpkin and here’s why and how.

Is pumpkin safe for dogs?

Yes, pumpkins are full of healthy nutrients and are safe for dogs to eat. However, not all parts of the pumpkin are safe for dogs.
  • Pumpkin pulp: It is the stringy, gooey part in the center of the pumpkin and should be avoided.
  • Pumpkin skin and stem: Avoid feeding your dog pumpkin skin and stems. It can cause an upset stomach and indigestion.
Before feeding canned pumpkin, check the ingredients list and read labels very carefully.   

Nutritional Benefits of Pumpkin 

Pumpkin provides several benefits for dogs. It contains essential nutrients and high soluble fiber content that make it a very nutritious food for dogs. This superfood contains vitamins A, C, and E and is vital for your dog's brain and eye development. Pumpkin is also packed with minerals like iron and potassium. One cup or 245 grams of cooked, boiled, or drained unsalted pumpkin contains  1.76 g of protein, 2.7 g of fiber, 49 calories (kcal), 0.17 g of fat, and 12 g of carbohydrate. Let's have a look at some of the benefits of pumpkin for dogs:
  • Improve your dog's coat: Vitamin A and zinc in pumpkin improve your dog’s skin and coat. 
 
  • Good for eyes: Pumpkin is rich in Vitamin A and promotes eye health. It prevents the development of night blindness and other eye degeneration issues.
  • Immunity booster: Pumpkin is a fresh source of antioxidants. Also, pumpkin contains vitamin C that is integral for your dog's immune health.
 
  • Stomach another: Pumpkin is a natural stomach soother and helps to regulate a dog’s digestive system. Pumpkin helps to remove excess water in your dog's digestive tract.
 
  • Aids in doggy diarrhea: If your fur buddy has diarrhoea, fiber in pumpkin can help make your dog’s stools more firm and regular. 
 
  • Stimulate the growth of beneficial bacteria: The prebiotic properties of pumpkin regulate the growth of good bacteria in your dog’s intestines and inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria.
 
  • Aids in constipation: If your dog is constipated, adding pumpkin to its diet can help ease mild constipation.
 
  • Lower acidity level: It aids in lowering the acidity level of your dog’s large intestines.
 
  • Weight control: Pumpkin can also help in weight control due to its high moisture and fibre content. It’s a good source of fiber, which may suppress your dog's appetite. The fibre and water in the pumpkin will keep your dog full, so they don’t miss the extra calories.
 
  • Prevent urinary incontinence: The pumpkin seeds prevent urinary incontinence. Pumpkin seeds contain a healthy dose of Omega 3 fatty acids. They have anti-inflammatory properties that can help dislodge kidney stones.
 
  • Control parasites in dogs: Pumpkin can help to control dog parasites naturally. Pumpkins have high amounts of an amino acid cucurbitacin. It is toxic to many common dog parasites and helps to expel worms in ruminating canines.
 
  • Tastes great: Most dogs enjoy the rich, creamy flavour of pumpkin. It can also serve as a delicious doggy treat. 
Pet parent tip: Remember that all dogs are primarily meat-eaters. They thrive and their body functions optimally on nutrients provided by animal meat.

Anti-Inflammatory effects of pumpkin for dogs

Pumpkins are anti-inflammatory because they're rich in carotenoids. Also, pumpkins contain B-carotene, lutein, polysaccharides, phytosterols, unsaturated fatty acids, and peptides. This combination makes pumpkins a powerful source to fight inflammation. Pumpkin seeds are rich in many antioxidants, which protect our cells from disease-causing damage and reduce inflammation in our bodies. They're also a great source of dietary fiber, which can enhance this effect. Pumpkin seeds’ anti-inflammatory abilities can help maintain good function in the liver, bladder, bowel, and joints.  

Final Thoughts 

The benefits of pumpkin for dogs makes it terrific food to include in your dog's daily diet. Remember that a large amount of pumpkin can cause an upset stomach, even in healthy dogs. It is better to avoid feeding pumpkins to sick dogs as consuming apples might worsen the medical condition. If you want to introduce pumpkin to your dog's diet, then you need to be careful. It is probably a good idea to start slowly to see how your four-legged pal's stomach reacts. Does your dog enjoy eating pumpkin? Feel free to share your thoughts. We would be happy to hear from you!   References: Ware, Megan. 'What are the health benefits of pumpkins?', Medical News Today, 1 November. Available at: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/279610#nutrition (Accessed: 2 January 2022). Burke, Anna. '​Can Pumpkin Help With Dog Diarrhea?', AKC, 6 July. Available at: https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/can-pumpkin-help-with-dog-diarrhea/ (Accessed: 2 January 2022). Yadav, Mukesh. et al. (2010) 'Medicinal and biological potential of pumpkin: an updated review', Nutrition Research Reviews, 23, 184-190. Dyck, Amy. '10 Health Benefits of Pumpkin for Dogs', HomeAlive, 27 April. Available at: https://blog.homesalive.ca/dog-blog/health-benefits-of-pumpkin-for-dogs (Accessed: 2 January 2022). Farmer, Vanessa. Can I Give My Dog Pumpkin?', WebMD, 11 March. Available at: https://pets.webmd.com/dogs/can-i-give-dog-pumpkin (Accessed: 2 January 2022). Grewal, Gogi. 'Health Benefits Of Pumpkin For Dogs', Dogs Naturally Magazine, 12 December. Available at: https://www.dogsnaturallymagazine.com/health-benefits-of-pumpkin-for-dogs/ (Accessed: 2 January 2022). Braby, Emma. '12 Health Benefits of Pumpkin for Dogs – Based on Science', Hepper, 2 December. Available at: https://www.hepper.com/health-benefits-of-pumpkin-for-dogs/ (Accessed: 2 January 2022).  

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How old is your dog? We've been doing it wrong all along.

It turns out we’ve been ageing our dogs totally wrong. One human year does not equal seven dogs years, actually, that couldn’t be further from the truth. A new and more accurate method of calculating a dog’s age has come out, by looking at the DNA and how it changes over time. So, how old is your dog? (1)     As crazy as it seems that a puppy is nearly 30 after their first year, the true implication of this study is that our dogs can live a lot longer. Like, a lot longer. If you think about it, it’s not so surprising that our puppy is actually, a “puppy”, for just a flash in time. Think about it, they are able to sit, stay, come and paw at 8 weeks old. Dogs age/ develop rapidly at the start of their lives because they have to survive, they don’t have the security that allows for a slow development. But then at around 5 years old, their ageing slows enormously. It’s why Maggie the Kelpie lived to 30 years old, that’s not 210. This study was done on Labradors, which comparatively to most breeds, live slightly shorter lives. That is the real significance, that our dog’s aren’t living as long as they should.   How to ensure your dog lives their best, and longest, life possible. The lifestyles we choose for our dog’s will determine how long they live for. It’s the sum of all the everyday decisions, and in particular, what we put into our dog’s bowl every day, that will decide their length of time on this earth. We’re going to use human and canine cancer research, a disease that kills half of dogs, as an example of how your choices for will determine how old your dog will live for and what actions mean the most when it comes to ensuring life longevity for your fur baby. The  graph below shows the causalities in the development of cancer. It’s a graph taken from research on human cancers, but canine cancer is a comparative model with humans, we can use this to predict why our dogs are suffering, just as we are. Dogs live in our environment, they eat similar food and are thus exposed to similar risk factors, so the development and reason for the proliferation of canine tumours is likely to be similar to that of human tumours [2,3,4,5,6].   Screenshot 2021 10 18 at 10.55.24 (7) As you can see, cancer is caused by incorrect lifestyle and environment. The fact that only 5–10% of all cancer cases are due to genetic flaws and that the remaining 90–95% are due to environment and lifestyle factor offers major opportunities for preventing cancer and maximising your dog’s life. Dogs don’t drink, they don’t smoke, but they do eat more processed food than any other species on the planet. Diet is the biggest determinant of health and getting it right is the key to longevity. Increasing the quality of meals, decrease the quantity of food and moving to one meal a day is the healthiest way to feed your dog.   References:

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405471220302039
  2. G. MacEwen, “Spontaneous tumors in dogs and cats: models for the study of cancer biology and treatment,” Cancer and Metastasis Reviews, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 125–136, 1990.
  3. M. Vail and E. G. MacEwen, “Spontaneously occurring tumors of companion animals as models for human cancer,” Cancer Investigation, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 781–792, 2000.
  4. Khanna,K.Lindblad-Toh,D.Vailetal.,“edogasacancer model,” Nature Biotechnology, vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 1065–1066, 2006.
  5. S. Pinho, S. Carvalho, J. Cabral, C. A. Reis, and F. Gärt- ner, “Canine tumors: a spontaneous animal model of human carcinogenesis,” Translational Research, vol. 159, no. 3, pp. 165–172, 2012.
  6. Marconato, M. E. Gelain, and S. Comazzi, “e dog as a possible animal model for human non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a review,” Hematological Oncology. In press.
  7. Anand, P., Kunnumakara, A.B., Sundaram, C., Harikumar, K.B., Tharakan, S.T., Lai, O.S., Sung, B. and Aggarwal, B.B., 2008. Cancer is a preventable disease that requires major lifestyle changes.Pharmaceutical research25(9), pp.2097-2116.

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A poo swap.  Unfortunately, it’s exactly what it sounds like. Transplanting poo from a healthy dog into a sick dog via fecal suspension.

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